Language Technology at UiT The Arctic University of Norway

The Divvun and Giellatekno teams build language technology aimed at minority and indigenous languages

View GiellaLT on GitHub divvungiellatekno/

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Meeting setup


Cf. one of the following, depending on context:

Opening, agenda review, participants

Opened at 10:02.

Present: Børre, Ciprian, Maja, Sjur, Thomas, Trond

Absent: Tomi (ill)

Agenda accepted as is.

Updated task status since last meeting









Only dictionaries last week, starting today. Several language pairs for testing, Trond supplied test data for MorfaC.

Meeting memos can be found at []


Corpus gathering

Maja did some gold standard tagging on the SÄPO text. Thomas is still scanning and OCR’ing, the OCR quality is quite ok, as good as it gets now.

Which books are digitized?


Promoting Divvun


Future plans, directions and ideas

See a separate document in plan/strat/5year.jspwiki.

Northern areas project



Makefile + tag simplification

Tomi has finished the tag conversion script, is waiting for feedback and testing with Sjur


  1. convert comment tags to real lexc tags when the discussion is over (Tomi)
  2. adjust gt/Makefile to grep on the new tags such that the old make targets work (Tomi)
  3. add the new tags to the tags-not-save.regex file (this will remove them from the regular analyzer) => the transducers and their output should be identical to the earlier versions (Tomi)
  4. write new build commands (Sjur, Tomi)
  5. when the new build infrastructure works as it should, delete the old ones (Sjur, Tomi)

General list

Upgrade schedule for the XServe:

To accommodate future enhancements in different directions (in rough order of importance):

  1. test bench for all parts of our language technology efforts
    1. test bench enhanced, but not yet complete
  2. set up the Snow Leopard Server features for collaborative support:
    1. done
    2. iCal server / group calendars
      1. done - group calendards not yet working, require working wikis
    3. wiki
      1. server working, but the pages are blocked by our regular public pages
  3. reinstall all LT tools on XServe:
    1. Xerox tools
    2. CG3
      1. done
    3. HFST
      1. done
    4. Foma
      1. done
    5. … something else?
  4. improve Forrest stability and i18n support ( the divvun crashes)
    1. partially done - the Forrest pages are now rendered as static html, but without i18n support
  5. reorganise the documentation:
    1. differ between target groups
    2. get better grouping
    3. decide what to write in Forrest and what in wiki (cf. Apertium and []) for a similar split)
    4. update/add missing parts
  6. migrate lexc lexicons to XML, splitting the task
    1. Name lexica (the Name project)
    2. Dictionaries (already in XML, task is to integrate them)
    3. At least migrate the lexc open POSes (Komi as a pilot case)
  7. change the look of the documentation web
  8. corpus content moved to Max Planck repositories? Norsk språkbank?
  9. update infrastructure to allow content-restricted spellers for special target groups



Hyphenation of loan words: Thomas would like to have a meeting about this with Maja, Trond, Lene. He will send an e-mail about it.

North Sámi

(nothing new, see proofing bugs below)

Lule Sámi

(nothing new, see proofing bugs below)

South Sámi


Three types of problem areas:

We also seem to have problems with derivations:

jealadehtedh   jieliedehtedh	jieledh+V+Der1+Der/dehte+V+Inf
galmadehtedh   galmedehtedh	galmedidh+V+Der2+Der/ehte+V+Inf


Name lexicon/ infrastructure

Tomi has played with couchdb as a replacement for eXist in and general dictionary-related work. Seems much lighter and easier to work with.

Instead of building our own webforms and back-end update scripts, use XForms with a premade connection to our xml db. Orbeon XForms is such a tool (open source).

From the meeting with the terminology and IT teams last week:

This means the following tasks:


  1. send eXist log files to Ciprian (Sjur)
  2. fix i18n bug in (so they will work without the proper locale request) (Sjur)
  3. fix bugs in lexc2xml; add comments to the log element (Saara)
  4. finish first version of the editing (Sjur)
  5. test editing of the xml files. If ok, then: (Sjur, Thomas, Trond)
  6. make terms-smX.xml <=== automatically from propernoun-sme-lex.xml (add nob as well) (the morphological section should be kept intact, in e.g. propernoun-sme-morph.txt) (Sjur, Saara)
  7. convert propernoun-($lang)-lex.txt to a derived file from common xml files (Sjur, Tomi, Saara)
  8. implement data synchronisation between and the cvs repo, and possibly other servers (ie the G5 as an alternative server to the public - it might be faster and better suited than the official one; also local installations could be treated the same way)
  9. start to use the xml file as source file
  10. clean terms-sme.xml such that all names have the correct tag for their use (e.g. @type=secondary) (Thomas, linguists)
  11. merge placenames which are errouneously in different entries: e.g. Helsinki, Helsingfors, Helsset (linguists)
  12. publish the name lexicon on (Sjur)
  13. add missing parallel names for placenames (linguists)
  14. add informative links between first names like Niillas and Nils (linguists)


For the last sma:nob-swe version, is almost all done from the view point of the implementation:

There are still things to clean up, but those relates mostly to the content, that is, it is a job for Lene, Maja and Trond.


Proofing tools

Sjur is working on getting the last components we should have received from Polderland, from the company that bought the remnants of Polderland. The missing components are:

South Sámi


HFST-based proofing tools

The work with Voikko+HFST is slowly moving forward.


Spelling Error Markup


Speller testing


Testing open-source Norwegian spellers

Sjur has invited the open-source group to test their spell-checker using our test bench. The response has been positive, we’ll see what happens.

We should go to their developer meetings, and present our work and how to work with language technology.

Speller bugs

List of bugs returned from Polderland:

Tag reordering for abbreviations have caused a lot of problems:

hr.	hr+ABBR+Acc
cand.philol.	cand.philol+ABBR+N+Acc
Per	Per+N+Prop+Mal+Sg+Attr

hr.	hr+N+ABBR+Acc
Per	Per+N+Prop+Mal+Sg+Attr

Open issues based on test results:


Version: Davvisámi, version 1.2, 2009-09-18


Version: Julevsáme, version 1.2, 2009-09-20


Hyphenator bugs

Open issues based on test results :


Lexicon version: Davvisámi, version 1.2, 2009-09-18

No known issues!


Lexicon version: Julevsáme, version 1.2, 2009-09-20


Command to test the hyphenator:

preprocess dev/corp/pressemelding.txt | lookup bin/hyph-sma.fst | cut -f2 | \
lookup bin/hyphrules-sma.fst | grep -v '^$' | cut -f2 | uniq | see


Installer changes


User documentation


1.2 release



Tronds topics

Separate smaller meetings during the week:

Spring planning



Text to speech


MT and CAT


Next meeting, closing

The next meeting is 1.2.2010, 9.30 Norwegian time.

Ciprian is working in Harstad Thursday and Friday.

The meeting was closed at 10:58.

Appendix - task lists for the next week